O level Notes : Food Technology Design - Convenience Foods - Waste Management
Waste management is of paramount importance in the food and processing industry. Each time food is prepared left overs are inevitable, be it fresh food scraps or food packages. All these need a careful and systematic way of disposal that will not have a negative eﬀect on the environment.
Household waste consists of food residues, paper, bottles, and cans. It is advisable for every household to sort these materials, take the waste glass to bottle banks and pass on the waste paper to collector's .Local authorities are responsible for the collection and disposal of the household waste that ends up in the dustbin.
The least harmful waste products from industry may be mixed with household refuse and dumped in the same landﬁll sites.
Materials used in food packaging are ; glass, metals used for cans, paper boards, plastics, aluminium foils and cling wraps.
Waste management approach
Waste management approach is important to protect the health of humans and to preserve our natural resources there is however need to make use of hierarchical, integrated management approach that includes, source reduction, recycling, composting, combustion and land ﬁlling.
- Source reduction
This is a way of reducing the amount of waste by changing design, manufacture or the use of original material and product. Source reduction has an impact of reducing solid waste on the environment because it avoids waste generation altogether.
Recycling diverts waste from the waste stream to material recovery. Recycling does not entail reprocessing material into new products but it entails collecting, sorting, processing, manufacturing and selling the recycled material and products. All packaging material like glass and plastic can be recycled or rather is recyclable.
Advantage of recycling is it provides a sustainable environment.
Disadvantages is it is expensive. It is diﬃcult to separate diﬀerent materials hence it is not possible in all cases.
It is a form of biological degradation of organic material like food. It involves arranging organic materials into piles and providing suﬃcient moisture for aerobic decomposition by micro organisms. Composting is a valuable alternative to waste disposal.
This is the controlled burning of waste in a designated facility. It acts as an alternative for waste that cannot be recycled or composted.
It provides environmentally sound disposal of any remaining waste and the residues of recycling and combustion operations .Nowadays land ﬁllings are carefully designed structures in which waste is isolated from the surrounding environment and ground water. The waste is taken to a landﬁll site such as a disused gravel pit ,tipped in ,left to settle down to a compact mass and then covered with soil. Once the landﬁll site is full and the rubbish has compacted and been covered the site may be reclaimed for agriculture or recreational use. Organic material such as vegetables and paper are decomposed by bacteria the tip and they produce methane .If pipes are installed in the rubbish the methane can be collected and used as fuel.
Here is what we discussed in this topic
Convenience foods though very convenient have an impact on the environment hence the waste management approach has to be adhered to.